Conrad Moffat Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour, PC, OC, KCSG (born August 25, 1944) is a Canadian-born member of the British House of Lords, and a historian, columnist and publisher, who was for a time the third largest newspaper magnate in the world.[2] Lord Black controlled Hollinger International, Inc. Through affiliates, the company published major newspapers including The Daily Telegraph (UK), Chicago Sun Times (U.S.), Jerusalem Post (Israel), National Post (Canada), and hundreds of community newspapers in North America.

Black is also an author and historian, having written two memoirs (A Life in Progress and A Matter of Principle) and biographies of Maurice Duplessis, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Richard Nixon. He writes a regular column for Canada’s National Post and contributes to The American Spectator, National Review Online, The Huffington Post and The Catholic Herald.

Beginning in 2005, Black was the subject of a highly publicized prosecution in the United States. Having initially faced 17 charges of misconduct and of defrauding the company he led, Hollinger International, of $60 million, he was convicted of three counts of fraud and one count of obstruction of justice in a U.S. court in 2007[3] and sentenced to six and a half years’ imprisonment.[4] On July 19, 2010, Black was granted bail following a unanimous judgment of the Supreme Court of the United States in which Black succeeded in having the scope of the honest services fraud statute narrowed. Subsequent to that decision, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit overturned two of the three remaining mail fraud counts against Black in October 2010.[5] The sole remaining mail fraud count was in the amount of $600,000,[6] of which Black’s share was $285,000.[7] On June 24, 2011 he was resentenced on the one remaining count of mail fraud and on the one count of obstruction of justice to a prison term of 42 months and a fine of US$125,000.[8] As the 29 months Black had already served were included in this sentence, he returned to prison on September 6, 2011,[9] to serve his remaining term of thirteen months.[10] According to the Federal Prison Bureau, Black’s release date is May 5, 2012 but, being a Saturday, he is expected to be released the day before.[11] Black has stated his intention to return to Canada and regain the citizenship he renounced in 2001. His criminal convictions required special permission for entry, which was granted effective May 1, 2012.[12][13]